Choosing recycled silver and gold reduces the environmental impact of the production process and helps to conserve natural resources by minimizing the amount of waste generated by the industry.


Sourcing ethical gemstones is undoubtedly the most difficult aspect of the jewelry industry. It is where most of the greenwashing happens. I aim to use stones that are sourced from mines that prioritize worker safety and fair wages but it can never be fully guaranteed. In order to keep the unknowns at a minimum, I often use stones that were discarded by the industry because they are broken or chipped – misfits so to speak. They're still real gems and give each ring its unique personality. Last but not least, I like to throw lab-grown sapphires, rubies and emeralds into the mix. They possess the same chemical composition, crystal structure, and physical properties as naturally occurring gems. Despite being created in a laboratory, they exhibit all the characteristics including hardness, color, and clarity.


Sandcasting is an ancient technique used to create jewelry that is both sustainable and unique. The process involves pouring molten metal into a mould made of sand, which is then allowed to cool and solidify. Any unburned sand can be re-purposed.